Source: HM Government

Different layers of integration in Europe

European Union. Countries that are a part of the political and economic bloc (28 members as of 2017): Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, and Sweden.

Eurozone countries. Countries that have adopted the Euro as their currency: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Spain.

European Economic Area . The European Economic Area (EEA) is the area in which the Agreement on the EEA provides for the free movement of persons, goods, services and capital within the European Single Market as well as the freedom to choose residence in any country within this area. Following countries are members: Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden + non-EU countries Norway, Iceland and Lichtenstein.

EFTA countries. A free trade organisation that operates in parallel with – and is linked to – the EU: Liechtenstein, Iceland, Norway and Switzerland.

European Union Customs Union. A customs union of all the member states of the European Union (EU) and some neighbouring countries: Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey and the UK.

© 2017 EUBORDERS, SOVEREIGNTY & SELF-DETERMINATION